“Put a human within the sea, and they’re fairly ineffective,” says marine ecologist Kelly J. Benoit-Fowl of the Monterey Bay Aquarium Analysis Institute. “They cannot breathe. They’ll solely see so far as the tip of their outstretched arm. They cannot make any sense of the sounds they hear.”

Possibly that is why, since people have been on Earth, the ocean has been an enigma to us. The oceans cowl 71 p.c of Earth’s floor, and by quantity they supply 99 p.c of the planet’s residing area. But we nonetheless know little concerning the life inside.

That is altering, quickly. Aided by autonomous underwater automobiles, superior sensing expertise and quick, cellular genome-sequencing machines, scientists and explorers are discovering every kind of inspiring surprises. We have assembled a number of the most fascinating current discoveries, from the ocean’s floor to the seafloor.