The USA on Thursday reported its first case of polio in nearly a decade.

New York state’s well being division mentioned an individual residing in Rockland County, 30 miles (48 kilometers) north of Manhattan, had examined constructive for the illness.

 

America final recorded a polio case in 2013, in accordance with the Facilities for Illness Management and Prevention.

The newest case was a sort “indicative of a transmission chain from a person who obtained the oral polio vaccine (OPV),” officers mentioned.

The oral vaccine was discontinued in america in 2000.

“This means that the virus could have originated in a location exterior of the US the place OPV is run, since revertant strains can not emerge from inactivated vaccines,” New York’s well being division mentioned in a press release.

Officers warned healthcare suppliers to be looking out for extra instances and urged individuals within the space who will not be vaccinated to get the shot.

A large international effort has in latest a long time come near wiping out polio, a crippling and probably deadly viral illness that primarily impacts kids beneath the age of 5.

Circumstances have decreased by 99 p.c since 1988, when polio was endemic in 125 nations and 350,000 instances have been recorded worldwide.

In america, instances declined dramatically within the late 1950s and early 1960s after a vaccine was developed.

 

The final naturally occurring instances of polio in America have been reported in 1979.

OPV replicates within the intestine and will be handed to others by means of fecal-contaminated water – that means it will not harm the kid who has been vaccinated, however may infect neighbors in locations the place hygiene and immunization ranges are low.

Whereas weaker than wild poliovirus, which now exists solely in Afghanistan and Pakistan, the variant could cause severe sickness and paralysis in individuals not vaccinated towards the illness.

Final month, the World Well being Group and British well being officers mentioned {that a} kind of poliovirus derived from vaccines had been detected in London sewage samples.

© Agence France-Presse

 

By 24H

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