Figures from the European Warmth Pump Affiliation point out the UK was backside of an inventory of greater than 20 European nations for home warmth pump installations throughout 2021


12 July 2022

Air source heat pump installers

Air supply warmth pump installers working within the UK

Andrew Aitchison/In photos by way of Getty Photographs

The UK had the worst monitor file in Europe final yr for the set up of warmth pumps, a know-how many specialists view as important for eliminating the carbon emissions produced by heating houses.

Simply 1.48 warmth pumps have been put in per 1000 households within the UK throughout 2021. Norway, with 49.77 installs per 1000 households, topped the rankings in keeping with new gross sales information printed immediately by the European Warmth Pump Affiliation (EHPA).

A complete of 42,779 warmth pumps have been put in within the UK final yr, and the present fee is much under the 15.three installs per 1000 households that the impartial Local weather Change Committee mentioned shall be wanted to achieve the nation’s 2050 net-zero objective.

On the fee warmth pumps have been put in final yr it could take greater than 600 years to achieve the Local weather Change Committee’s situation for assembly web zero, of 27.2 million houses having a warmth pump in 2050.

Warmth pumps are successfully reverse fridges that draw their warmth sometimes from the air or the bottom, with an electricity-powered pump then growing the temperature. The UK authorities sees them as a key manner of changing fuel boilers to curb emissions, and has set a goal of 600,000 being put in yearly by 2028.

The figures launched immediately mark the second yr in a row the UK has come final on set up charges, although 2021 was barely worse: in 2020, the UK got here joint final with Hungary. Jan Rosenow on the Regulatory Help Venture, a non-profit organisation, says the explanation for the UK’s poor efficiency is easy: “The operating prices of fuel [in the UK] have been low cost, electrical energy was costlier. That was a key issue within the decrease uptake.”

Most nations with greater deployment of warmth pumps have began addressing that imbalance between electrical energy and fuel costs, he says. Denmark final yr decreased taxation on electrical energy for heating to virtually zero, whereas the Netherlands, an enormous fuel producer, is now repeatedly reviewing imbalances between the costs of fuel and electrical energy.

Thomas Nowak on the EHPA says the UK authorities ought to “make the cleanest heating resolution probably the most economically engaging. This may be carried out by way of the introduction of a CO2 value and rebalancing of vitality taxation.”

There are causes to assume 2022 could also be totally different. The UK authorities has promised to step by step shift levies paid by way of electrical energy payments onto fuel payments, whereas the vitality disaster has seen fuel prices for shoppers rise quicker than electrical energy, a lot of which is provided by renewables and nuclear energy. Households in England and Wales putting in a warmth pump since 1 April have additionally been capable of declare £5000 off the system’s value beneath a authorities “boiler improve scheme“.

Rosenow, who says UK warmth pump installers have instructed him they’re overwhelmed with orders, provides that UK shoppers are additionally more and more “far more conscious of the dangers of sticking to fossil gasoline for heating, given the fluctuations in value”.

A spokesperson for the Division for Enterprise, Vitality and Industrial Technique says of the brand new figures: “Like-for-like comparisons with European nations are deceptive.”


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